Even if you are not an Internet expert, you probably know what a domain name is. For instance, if you encounter a web address that goes something like this – website.com then WEBSITE is actually the domain name.

On the other hand, the .com is a domain extension. There are many other domain extensions available out there. You have probably encountered websites that have extensions like .org and .biz in them. What’s important to understand is that .com is the most popular domain extension and it will probably remain to be the most used one for many years.

Of course, this doesn’t mean that you should not learn more about the rest of the domain extensions. These domain extensions can be very useful too. For example, every country comes with a specific extension and manages these extensions freely. For instance, France has a .fr, Macedonia has .mk and Canada has .ca.

The global internet authorities have designed these things in a specific way which allows every independent country to set specific method of selling these extensions. For instance, it was impossible to buy a top level domain name in the UK without a registered company. On the other hand, Trinidad and Tobago allow any individual or legal entity to buy top and secondary level domain names. While we are talking about top level domains (TDL), it is a smart move to describe these domains.

So, the United Kingdom sells only secondary level domain names – typically .org.uk and .co.uk. in other words, it is impossible to buy a domain name that includes only .uk in it like website.uk. Due to the fact that there are two domain extensions used in the UK, we are talking about secondary extensions – .co and .uk.

Most of the countries are selling just top level domains. For instance, you can buy website.us in the USA or website.ca in Canada if you want to. Generally speaking, top level domains are much more expensive than secondary level domains.

In the end, it’s good to highlight the subdomains. They represent prefixes placed before the domain name. For example, if you have a website called news.com you can create a subdomain called breakingnews.news.com. Obviously, this subdomain will contain specific information found on your website. You can create several subdomains if needed.

We hope that this article will help you understand how top level domains work and why there are important.


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